Sri Bhoga Nathar (Bogar/Bhogar)
Sri Bogar Siddhar (a mystic, yogi) entrusted in goldsmithy, became a siddhapurusha under the guidance of Kalangi Nathar. In Bogar's Saptakanda he reveals details of various medicinal preparations to his disciple Pullippani (so named as he is believed to have wandered in the forests atop a puli or tiger) and at every stage he quotes his guru as the authority. Also Pulippani must have been a young man then, as he is often referred to as a balaka.
Kalangi Nathar decided to go into Samadhi for a very long time (for about 5000-years), and called Bogar to come to China to continue his mission. His journey is said to have been made with the aid of an aircraft; he demonstrated to the Chinese the details of the construction of the aircraft and later built for them a sea-going craft using a steam engine. The details of these and other experiments demonstrated by Bhogar in China are clearly documented in the Saptakanda. It is believed that Bogar visited China about 500 BC and continued his guru Kalangi nath’s mission in China. But people in China didn’t follow him as much as he had wanted them to, because of his skin colour and limitations of the Language.
To overcome these limitations, Bhogar transmigrated his vital body into the physical body of a dead Chinese man and known thereafter by the name of “Bo-Yang”. After entering into this Chinese body Bogar had to cure all illness of this body. Bogar used herbal medicine (Siddha-medicine) and many other herbs to heal his Chinese body of many diseases. Bhogar used Kaya-Kalpa. Kayam means physical body, and kalpam means to make it strong. Later Bogar was known by the name of “Bo-Yang Lao-Tzu”, and became the founder of the great world- renowned philosophy of Taoism (“Than-“Om”) and preaching it in China for about 200 years.
Bogar anticipating that in due course of period, human beings will suffer from large number of disease. As an expert in medicine he used 4448 rare herbs and made 9 poisonous medicine, mixing these 9 poisons into one needs great knowledege and skill, to make a Master Medicine ( One medicine to cure all disease ). Thirumoolar also discuss one such Master Medicine in his book Thirumandhiram. With the consultation of Agasthiar ( Father of Ayurvedic Medicine) and other siddhars, Bogar mixed the 9 poisons ( Nava Bashanam ) and made the Master Medicine in the form of Lord Murugan which is currently worshiped at Palani Murugan temple. There is a place near Palani Hill called Thanasiappan Temple which is the place were Bogar mixed the Nava Bashanam and made the Murugan idol.
Bogar and others then decided that by using the milk and panchamirtham ( a sweet recipe ) poured on the idol, one can extract the medicine from the idol. The milk and panchamritham then becomes medicine to cure disease. After installing Lord Murugan Navabashana idol at the Palani Hill, Bogar used to worship it with milk abishegam ( pouring milk on the idol ) and panchamirtha abishegam ( pouring panchamirtham on the idol ).
His disciple Pulipani siddhar then took over the job of Lord Murugan pooja after Bogar went into Nirvigalpa Samadhi - the highest samadhi stage; where the Mind dissolves with Matter and Energy. The samadhi of Bogar is inside Palani Murugan temple at Palani Hill. Actually Bogar himself constructed his samadhi exactly under the Lord Murugan Navabasha idol and went into Nirvikalpa Samadhi there. The entrance to his samadhi is a cave like structure. Even now pujas are conducted at this entrance where he was last seen by his disciples which is at the Palani temple. The shrine at the top of the hill, though later than the TiruAvinankudi temple, has overshadowed the older temple in the present century due to its popular appeal. Created by Bhogar, it was maintained after him by sage Pulippani and his descendants almost as their personal and private temple. During the time of Tirumalai Nayak, his general Ramappayyan handed over the puja rights to newly brought Brahmin priests. The descendants of Pulippani were compensated for the loss of this right by being given: Certain duties of superintendence including Right to some annual presents Right to shoot off, at the Dasara Festival, the arrow which symbolises Subramanya's victory over asuras. Right to be buried at the foot of the steps leading to the hill, if any of them chose so.